How can I resolve "error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol"?


Question

I've got this MFC application I'm working on that needs to have an embedded database. So I went hunting for a slick, fast "embeddable" database for it and stumbled accross SQLite.

I created a DB with it, and I created a static library project with Visual Studio 2008. the library project will be used in another main project.

In the library project, I created a class DBClass with a method AddFeedToDB(CFeed f). The library project uses the .lib file from codeproject (cppsqlite3.lib).

When compiling the static library, no error is detected, but when I try to use the library project file in the main project, I get these type of errors:

error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol "public:void __thiscall
   CppSQLite3DB::close(void)" (?close@CppSQLite3DB@@QAEXXZ 
   referenced in function "public: int __thiscall
   CTalkingFeedsDB::AddFeedToDB(class CFeed,char const*)" (?
   AddFeedToDB@CTalkingFeedsDB@@QAEHVCFeed@@PDB@Z

What am I missing?

1
13
9/29/2011 4:00:22 PM

Accepted Answer

It happened to me more than once that I thought symbol XXX (i.e. ?close@CppSQLite3DB@@QAEXXZ) was in the import lib, while the actual symbol was __impXXX (i.e. __imp?close@CppSQLite3DB@@QAEXXZ).

The reason for the linker error is then to be found in the compilation step: the compiler will generate the ?close@CppSQLite3DB@@QAEXXZ symbol to be imported, where it should generate __imp?close@CppSQLite3DB@@QAEXXZ. This often means that the function declaration itself didn't have __declspec( dllimport ). Which may be caused by some preprocessor symbol not being defined. Or the __declspec not being there at all...

9
9/29/2011 4:28:17 PM

I know it is already 2 years since this question... but i run in the same situation here. Added all the header files... added the lib directories.. and keep having this error. So i added manually the lib to the Configuration Properties -> Linker -> Input -> Aditional Dependencies and all works for me.


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