I want to open a file for reading, the C++ way. I need to be able to do it for:
text files, which would involve some sort of read line function.
binary files, which would provide a way to read raw data into a
There are three ways to do this, depending on your needs. You could use the old-school C way and call fopen/fread/fclose, or you could use the C++ fstream facilities (ifstream/ofstream), or if you're using MFC, use the CFile class, which provides functions to accomplish actual file operations.
All of these are suitable for both text and binary, though none have a specific readline functionality. What you'd most likely do instead in that case is use the fstream classes (fstream.h) and use the stream operators (<< and >>) or the read function to read/write blocks of text:
int nsize = 10; char *somedata; ifstream myfile; myfile.open("<path to file>"); myfile.read(somedata,nsize); myfile.close();
Note that, if you're using Visual Studio 2005 or higher, traditional fstream may not be available (there's a new Microsoft implementation, which is slightly different, but accomplishes the same thing).
You need to use an
ifstream if you just want to read (use an
ofstream to write, or an
fstream for both).
To open a file in text mode, do the following:
ifstream in("filename.ext", ios_base::in); // the in flag is optional
To open a file in binary mode, you just need to add the "binary" flag.
ifstream in2("filename2.ext", ios_base::in | ios_base::binary );