Is #pragma once a safe include guard?


Question

I've read that there is some compiler optimization when using #pragma once which can result in faster compilation. I recognize that is non-standard, and thus could pose a cross-platform compatibility issue.

Is this something that is supported by most modern compilers on non-windows platforms (gcc)?

I want to avoid platform compilation issues, but also want to avoid the extra work of fallback guards:

#pragma once
#ifndef HEADER_H
#define HEADER_H

...

#endif // HEADER_H

Should I be concerned? Should I expend any further mental energy on this?

1
274
4/24/2009 8:50:35 PM

Accepted Answer

Using #pragma once should work on any modern compiler, but I don't see any reason not to use a standard #ifndef include guard. It works just fine. The one caveat is that GCC didn't support #pragma once before version 3.4.

I also found that, at least on GCC, it recognizes the standard #ifndef include guard and optimizes it, so it shouldn't be much slower than #pragma once.

165
10/14/2017 1:33:47 AM

#pragma once does have one drawback (other than being non-standard) and that is if you have the same file in different locations (we have this because our build system copies files around) then the compiler will think these are different files.


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