Using the g++ C++ compiler from cygwin


Question

I am trying to execute my first "Hello World!" in C++. I am using Windows XP, and I have installed cygwin, in which the g++ C++ compiler is installed. I have written a small hello-world program, and saved it in hello.cpp. From the command prompt I write:

g++ hello.cpp

But I get:

'g++' is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file.

I have installed cygwin in my D:\programs\cygwin. I have made another directory with my hello-world file in D:\cpp. Something with my installation or my paths seems to be not Ok, but I cannot figure what. I have run the exe file of cygwin, and in the installation directory I have got all necessary files, I think: bin folder, lib, Cygwin.bat, etc.

I have read that in case of such error message I should check whether the cygwin1.dll file is copied into the main folder of Windows. Is this the C:\WINDOWS directory? I have looked there, and I don't have such a file there. I have cygwin1.dll in the bin folder of cygwin: D:\programs\cygwin\bin. Also, how do I check whether the bin folder (D:\programs\cygwin\bin) is considered in the search path of commands?

I think that the hello-world program shouldn't contain any syntax errors, I have just copied it. Also, when I write

g++ -v

I get the same error message: that the command is not recognized. I would appreciate if someone give me a hint what should I look at. Thank you.

Here is the code of the hello-world program:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main() {
  cout <<"Hello World!"<<endl;
  return 0;
}

I have installed g++, and now when I type g++ -v, I get: Reading specs from: \d\cygnus\cygwin-b20\H-i586-cygwin32\bin..\lib\gcc-lib\i586-cygwin32\egcs-2.91.57\specs gcc version egcs-2.91.57 19980901 (egcs-1.1 release)

In the bin directory I have both g++.exe, and gcc.exe. I don't understand why I get "gcc" above and not "g++". I don't know how important this is, but I receive an error message when I try to compile the program in the DOS command prompt:

g++ hello.cpp

I get:

hello.cpp:1: parse error before character 0357
hello.cpp: In function 'int main()':
hello.cpp:'cout' undeclared (first use this function)
hello.cpp: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
hello.cpp: for each function it appears in.)
hello.cpp: 'endl' undeclared (first use this function)

And here is what I get when I try to compile the program in the cygwin shell:

hello.cpp:1: parse error before character 0357
hello.cpp: In function 'int main()':
hello.cpp:'cout' undeclared (first use this function)
hello.cpp: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
hello.cpp: for each function it appears in.)
hello.cpp: 'endl' undeclared (first use this function)
g++.exe: hello.cpp: No such file or directory
g++.exe: No input files
g++.exe: hello.cpp: No such file or directory
g++.exe: No input files
g++.exe: hello.cpp: No such file or directory
g++.exe: No input files
g++.exe: hello.cpp: No such file or directory
g++.exe: No input files
g++.exe: hello.cpp: No such file or directory
g++.exe: No input files
1
8
3/6/2009 10:51:18 PM

Ah, I have thought that g++ is installed when I install cygwin. So, I should actually first install g++ in that case, shouldn't I?

(and then reboot)

3
3/2/2009 5:05:43 PM

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