What's the difference between size_t and int in C++?


Question

In several C++ examples I see a use of the type size_t where I would have used a simple int. What's the difference, and why size_t should be better?

1
151
8/25/2019 6:50:55 PM

Accepted Answer

From the friendly Wikipedia:

The stdlib.h and stddef.h header files define a datatype called size_t which is used to represent the size of an object. Library functions that take sizes expect them to be of type size_t, and the sizeof operator evaluates to size_t.

The actual type of size_t is platform-dependent; a common mistake is to assume size_t is the same as unsigned int, which can lead to programming errors, particularly as 64-bit architectures become more prevalent.

Also, check Why size_t matters

142
6/26/2014 12:20:29 PM

size_t is the type used to represent sizes (as its names implies). Its platform (and even potentially implementation) dependent, and should be used only for this purpose. Obviously, representing a size, size_t is unsigned. Many stdlib functions, including malloc, sizeof and various string operation functions use size_t as a datatype.

An int is signed by default, and even though its size is also platform dependant, it will be a fixed 32bits on most modern machine (and though size_t is 64 bits on 64-bits architecture, int remain 32bits long on those architectures).

To summarize : use size_t to represent the size of an object and int (or long) in other cases.


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