error: ‘NULL’ was not declared in this scope


I get this message when compiling C++ on gcc 4.3

error: ‘NULL’ was not declared in this scope

It appears and disappears and I don't know why. Why?


1/20/2009 5:13:17 PM

Accepted Answer

NULL is not a keyword. It's an identifier defined in some standard headers. You can include

#include <cstddef>

To have it in scope, including some other basics, like std::size_t.

1/20/2009 5:14:34 PM

GCC is taking steps towards C++11, which is probably why you now need to include cstddef in order to use the NULL constant. The preferred way in C++11 is to use the new nullptr keyword, which is implemented in GCC since version 4.6. nullptr is not implicitly convertible to integral types, so it can be used to disambiguate a call to a function which has been overloaded for both pointer and integral types:

void f(int x);
void f(void * ptr);

f(0);  // Passes int 0.
f(nullptr);  // Passes void * 0.

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