How do you validate that a string is a valid IPv4 address in C++?


Question

I don't need to validate that the IP address is reachable or anything like that. I just want to validate that the string is in dotted-quad (xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx) IPv4 format, where xxx is between 0 and 255.

1
47
4/2/2014 5:03:17 PM

Accepted Answer

You probably want the inet_pton, which returns -1 for invalid AF argument, 0 for invalid address, and +1 for valid IP address. It supports both the IPv4 and future IPv6 addresses. If you still need to write your own IP address handling, remember that a standard 32-bit hex number is a valid IP address. Not all IPv4 addresses are in dotted-decimal notation.

This function both verifies the address, and also allows you to use the same address in related socket calls.

52
3/22/2018 1:01:44 PM

Boost.Asio provides the class ip::address. If you just want to verify the string, you can use it like this:

std::string ipAddress = "127.0.0.1";
boost::system::error_code ec;
boost::asio::ip::address::from_string( ipAddress, ec );
if ( ec )
    std::cerr << ec.message( ) << std::endl;

This also works for hexadecimal and octal quads. This is also a much more portable solution.


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