Creating JSON arrays in Boost using Property Trees


Question

I'm trying to create a JSON array using boost property trees.

The documentation says: "JSON arrays are mapped to nodes. Each element is a child node with an empty name."

So I'd like to create a property tree with empty names, then call write_json(...) to get the array out. However, the documentation doesn't tell me how to create unnamed child nodes. I tried ptree.add_child("", value), but this yields:

Assertion `!p.empty() && "Empty path not allowed for put_child."' failed

The documentation doesn't seem to address this point, at least not in any way I can figure out. Can anyone help?

1
66
4/11/2012 6:00:34 AM

Simple Array:

#include <boost/property_tree/ptree.hpp>
using boost::property_tree::ptree;

ptree pt;
ptree children;
ptree child1, child2, child3;

child1.put("", 1);
child2.put("", 2);
child3.put("", 3);

children.push_back(std::make_pair("", child1));
children.push_back(std::make_pair("", child2));
children.push_back(std::make_pair("", child3));

pt.add_child("MyArray", children);

write_json("test1.json", pt);

results in:

{
    "MyArray":
    [
        "1",
        "2",
        "3"
    ]
}

Array over Objects:

ptree pt;
ptree children;
ptree child1, child2, child3;


child1.put("childkeyA", 1);
child1.put("childkeyB", 2);

child2.put("childkeyA", 3);
child2.put("childkeyB", 4);

child3.put("childkeyA", 5);
child3.put("childkeyB", 6);

children.push_back(std::make_pair("", child1));
children.push_back(std::make_pair("", child2));
children.push_back(std::make_pair("", child3));

pt.put("testkey", "testvalue");
pt.add_child("MyArray", children);

write_json("test2.json", pt);

results in:

{
    "testkey": "testvalue",
    "MyArray":
    [
        {
            "childkeyA": "1",
            "childkeyB": "2"
        },
        {
            "childkeyA": "3",
            "childkeyB": "4"
        },
        {
            "childkeyA": "5",
            "childkeyB": "6"
        }
    ]
}

hope this helps

101
4/5/2015 2:43:26 PM

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