Defining own main functions arguments argc and argv


Question

i want to create an object of type QApplication which needs the main functions arguments argc and argv as an input:

QApplication app(argc, argv);

Since i am within a user defined function without access to the main function i want to define this arguments on my own. I have tried several approaches but i cannot get the type conversion right. My last approach did not work either:

int argc = 1;
char **argv; 
char arguments[1][12] = {{"cgalExample"}};
argv = arguments;

Thanks for any hint.

1
24
10/5/2009 6:48:18 PM

Accepted Answer

Quick and dirty, but working for QApplication:

char *argv[] = {"program name", "arg1", "arg2", NULL};
int argc = sizeof(argv) / sizeof(char*) - 1;

For a more complete and C standard conforming solution see D.Shawley's answer.

Why your solution doesn't work is simple:

array[i][j] results in a i*j matrix. But what you actually want is an array with pointers to strings in it.

35
5/23/2017 12:10:10 PM

If you want to be insanely pendantic, then you want something like the following. The key points are that argv is not const, argv is NULL terminated, argc is the number of usable elements in argv including the program name. It is required to be modifiable so you cannot use string literals - argv[i] is required to point to a modifiable array of characters.

int my_main() {
    char  arg0[] = "programName";
    char  arg1[] = "arg";
    char  arg2[] = "another arg";
    char* argv[] = { &arg0[0], &arg1[0], &arg2[0], NULL };
    int   argc   = (int)(sizeof(argv) / sizeof(argv[0])) - 1;

    QApplication the_application(argc, &argv[0]);
    return the_application.run();
}

The Standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999 section 5.1.2.2.1) states that the following is true about argc and argv in a hosted environment:

  • The value of argc shall be nonnegative.
  • argv[argc] shall be a null pointer.
  • If the value of argc is greater than zero, the array members argv[0] through argv[argc-1] inclusive shall contain pointers to strings, which are given implementation-defined values by the host environment prior to program startup from elsewhere in the hosted environment. If the host environment is not capable of supplying strings with letters in both uppercase and lowercase, the implementation shall ensure that the strings are received in lowercase.
  • If the value of argc is greater than zero, the string pointed to by argv[0] represents the program name; argv[0][0] shall be the null character if the program name is not available from the host environment. If the value of argc is greater than one, the strings pointed to by argv[0] through argv[argc-1] represent program parameters.
  • The parameters argc and argv and the strings pointed to by the argv array shall be modifiable by the program, and retain their last-stored values between program startup and program termination.

QApplication states the following:

Warning: The data referred to by argc and argv must stay valid for the entire lifetime of the QApplication object. In addition, argc must be greater than zero and argv must contain at least one valid character string.

Note: argc and argv might be changed as Qt removes command line arguments that it recognizes.


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